Galaxy Shapes

Galaxy Clusters


Butterfly Effect

Strange Attractors

Dark Matter



Einstein's Theory

Twin Paradox

Big Bang

Chaotic Inflation

















































Copyright (c)

Lori Gardi



Part I

Part II

Part III

Part IV









































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Fractal Star Field

Galaxy Shapes

At the end of the previous section, I showed you how the Mandelbrot Set can be used to generate star field images, very similar to “real” star field images taken from “real” telescopes such as the Hubble space telescope.

Not only does it reproduce the distribution of stars and galaxies very accurately, but it also generates all the “shapes” of all the galaxies that we know of (even some really obscure ones as I will be showing you shortly).

Here is a spiral galaxy generated using my program.

Fractal Galaxy

Here is a real one.


Here are bunch more similarities.

More Similarities

This strange galaxy is called the Cartwheel Galaxy. This one has a really strange shape that can’t be explained easily using the standard model. However, I was able to generate some fractal dynamic fields that closely resemble the Cartwheel Galaxy.

Cartwheel Galaxy

Each of these “fractal dynamic fields” comes from just one “space-time fluctuation”. The fields are more complex because the “source point” lives “close to the edge” of the event horizon of the Mandelbrot Set.